The TURBINE project conducts multi-disciplinary research on "crypto-biometric" technology. It targets identity management in e-service applications and innovates in mechanisms that can bring trust to the citizen.
The main innovation of TURBINE and its main benefit to the citizen is to give an individual the ability to carry different identities or pseudo-identities for different e-services. The trust will be based on secure biometric verification.
With TURBINE, the fingerprint carrying the identity and access to the personal information of an individual is transformed into a bit-string key which is not invertible, i.e. the bit-string is disconnected from the original fingerprint. This will allow an individual to have several identities or pseudo-identities to which can be associated different personal information: health, financial, legal, etc. TURBINE eliminates the risk that a third party breaches the privacy of a citizen by tracing back his/her identity and any of his/her personal information associated to one or more of his/her identities. In addition, in case an identity is compromised, TURBINE will allow protecting the citizen's privacy by revoking and replacing the identity without damages to his/her biometrics data and their use for his/her other identities.
Research challenges and major technology advances are expected in the following areas:
- Cryptography: genuine revocable biometric representations, biometric template protection techniques, performance, transformation of fingerprints' unordered minutiae feature sets
- Fingerprint Biometrics: multi source and standardised interoperable capabilities, performance of interoperable solution using unprotected / proprietary finger minutiae
- Security & data protection: storage of bit-string derived from fingerprint instead of biometric templates, ensuring high security and data protection while maintaining ease of use and flexibility, assurance of attack-proven unconditional security and template protection schemes
- Multi-disciplinary approach: worldwide first attempt to combine leading edge biometric and cryptography methodologies
- Multiple identities generated from a single biometric characteristic: revocation and replacement of a biometric identity or pseudo-identity when breached, corrupted or compromised.
Research activity addresses requirements, services schemes, functionality for stakeholders (e.g. government and industry service providers, citizens) and the legal framework. It will contribute to provide a practical framework for TURBINE research, whereby the market requirements in Europe can be effectively addressed using the TURBINE results.